Purpose

Objective of the trial is to describe the efficacy and safety of satralizumab in patients with aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody seropositive NMOSD, either treatment naive or inadequate responders to previous treatment with rituximab (RTX) (or its biosimilar)

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 74 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age 18 to 74 years, inclusive, at the time of informed consent - Have a diagnosis of AQP4 antibody seropositive NMOSD according to the International Panel for NMO Diagnosis (IPND) criteria - For women of childbearing potential: agreement to either remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or to use reliable means of contraception (physical barrier [patient or partner] in conjunction with a spermicidal product, contraceptive pill, patch, injectables, intrauterine device or intrauterine system) during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug Cohort 1 (treatment-naïve NMOSD patients) - Confirmation of NMOSD diagnosis with AQP4+ antibodies - Have clinical evidence of at least 1 documented attack or relapse (including first attack) in the last year prior to screening - Naive to maintenance therapy (disease-modifying therapy [DMT] or immunosuppressive therapy [IST]) Cohort 2 (NMOSD patients with inadequate response to RTX [or its biosimilar]) - Confirmation of NMOSD diagnosis and AQP4+ antibodies in the disease history of the patient - Have a length of disease duration from first symptom of ≤5 years - History of ongoing treatment with RTX (or its biosimilar) (at least 2 infusions) for NMOSD with a maximum duration of 6 months since last administration prior to enrolment in the study - Ongoing disease activity after last RTX (or its biosimilar) infusion i.e., relapse and/or any new inflammatory event, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ophthalmological assessment

Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion criteria for both the cohorts - Inability to complete an MRI - Participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 3 months after the final dose of satralizumab - Any surgical procedure (except for minor surgeries) within 4 weeks prior to baseline - Evidence of other demyelinating disease, including MS or progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) - Evidence of serious uncontrolled concomitant diseases that may preclude patient participation - Active or presence of recurrent bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial infection or other infection (excluding fungal infections of nail beds or caries dentium) at baseline - Infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with intravenous (IV) anti-infective agents within 4 weeks prior to baseline visit - Evidence of chronic active hepatitis B - Evidence of active tuberculosis (TB) - History or laboratory evidence of coagulation disorders - Receipt of a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 6 weeks prior to baseline - Presence or history of malignancy - History of drug or alcohol abuse within 1 year prior to baseline - History of diverticulitis that, in the Investigator's opinion, may lead to increased risk of complications such as lower gastrointestinal perforation - History of severe allergic reaction to a biologic agent - Active suicidal ideation within 6 months prior to screening, or history of suicide attempt within 3 years prior to screening - Treatment with any investigational agent within 6 months prior to baseline or 5 drug elimination half-lives of the investigational agent (whichever is longer) Cohort 1 (treatment-naïve NMOSD patients) - Any previous treatment with IL-6 inhibitory therapy (e.g., tocilizumab), alemtuzumab, total body irradiation, stem-cell therapy, or bone marrow transplantation - Any previous treatment with eculizumab, belimumab, natalizumab, glatiramer acetate, fingolimod, teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate, siponimod, or ozanimod - Any previous treatment with anti-CD4, cladribine or mitoxantrone - Any previous treatment with B-cell depleting agents - Any previous treatment with immunosuppressants Cohort 2 (NMOSD patients with inadequate response to RTX) - Discontinued RTX (or biosimilar) treatment due to any other reason than inadequate response to treatment

Study Design

Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Non-Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Cohort 1: treatment-naïve NMOSD patients
Patients will be treated with 120 mg satralizumab subcutaneously (SC) as monotherapy at Weeks 0, 2 (±3 days), 4 (±3 days), and then every 4 weeks (±3 days) till the last administration at Week 92 followed by a clinical evaluation at Week 96. The first dose at Week 0 (baseline visit) will be administered at the study site by the designated site staff during the scheduled study visit. All assessments (clinical, laboratory and imaging) should be performed before satralizumab administration. The next dose at Week 2 will be self-administered by the patient under the supervision of a designated study staff at the study site. All the subsequent doses will be self-administered by the patient following training from a healthcare provider (for patients who are not able to administer satralizumab SC by themselves, support by a caregiver/nurse is advised).
  • Drug: Satralizumab 120 mg
    Satralizumab 120 mg will be administered as monotherapy (SC) in the abdominal or femoral region at Weeks 0, 2 (±3 days), 4 (±3 days), and then every 4 weeks (±3 days) till the last administration at Week 92 followed by a clinical evaluation at Week 96. The first dose at Weeks 0 (baseline visit) will be administered at the study site by the designated site staff during the scheduled study visit. The next dose at Week 2 will be self-administered by the patient under the supervision of a designated study staff at the study site. All the subsequent doses will be self-administered by the patient following training from a healthcare provider (for patients who are not able to administer satralizumab SC by themselves, support by a caregiver/nurse is advised).
Experimental
Cohort 2: NMOSD patients who are inadequate responders to previous treatment with RTX
Patients will be treated with 120 mg satralizumab subcutaneously (SC) as monotherapy at Weeks 0, 2 (±3 days), 4 (±3 days), and then every 4 weeks (±3 days) till the last administration at Week 92 followed by a clinical evaluation at Week 96. The first dose at Week 0 (baseline visit) will be administered at the study site by the designated site staff during the scheduled study visit. All assessments (clinical, laboratory and imaging) should be performed before satralizumab administration. The next dose at Week 2 will be self-administered by the patient under the supervision of a designated study staff at the study site. All the subsequent doses will be self-administered by the patient following training from a healthcare provider (for patients who are not able to administer satralizumab SC by themselves, support by a caregiver/nurse is advised).
  • Drug: Satralizumab 120 mg
    Satralizumab 120 mg will be administered as monotherapy (SC) in the abdominal or femoral region at Weeks 0, 2 (±3 days), 4 (±3 days), and then every 4 weeks (±3 days) till the last administration at Week 92 followed by a clinical evaluation at Week 96. The first dose at Weeks 0 (baseline visit) will be administered at the study site by the designated site staff during the scheduled study visit. The next dose at Week 2 will be self-administered by the patient under the supervision of a designated study staff at the study site. All the subsequent doses will be self-administered by the patient following training from a healthcare provider (for patients who are not able to administer satralizumab SC by themselves, support by a caregiver/nurse is advised).

Recruiting Locations

Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts 02114

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Hoffmann-La Roche

Study Contact

Reference Study ID Number: MN42928, https://forpatients.roche.com/
888-662-6728 (U.S.)
global-roche-genentech-trials@gene.com

Detailed Description

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) are severe demyelinating inflammatory autoimmune neurological disorders. The estimated global pooled prevalence of NMOSD is 1.82 per 100 000 people (Etemadifar et al. 2015). The disorder is characterized by inflammatory lesions in the optic nerve, spinal cord, brainstem, and cerebrum; and clinically by optic neuritis (ON) and/or transverse myelitis causing potentially severe motor and sensory impairment, bladder dysfunction, vision loss, pain, and other debilitating symptoms (Wingerchuk et al. 2015). Recovery is variable, and inflammatory attacks often result in permanent disability. Untreated, the risks of severe disability or death are substantial (Jarius et al. 2014). NMOSD is radiologically and prognostically distinct from multiple sclerosis (MS), and has a pathophysiology unresponsive to typical MS treatment (Weinshenker 2007; Oh, and Levy et al. 2012).

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.