821 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Transcranial Near Infrared Radiation and Cerebral Blood Flow in Depression
NYU Langone Health Major Depressive Disorder
This study will compare the effect of three transcranial photobiomodulation (t-PBM) doses (high, middle, and low irradiance) to sham t-PBM on PFC CBF as assessed with fMRI (BOLD) in this multi-center, phase I, double-blinded, dose-ranging, controlled, crossover study of 30... expand

This study will compare the effect of three transcranial photobiomodulation (t-PBM) doses (high, middle, and low irradiance) to sham t-PBM on PFC CBF as assessed with fMRI (BOLD) in this multi-center, phase I, double-blinded, dose-ranging, controlled, crossover study of 30 subjects with MDD. All eligible participants will undergo four sessions of t-PBM during fMRI so that they experience irradiances of 50, 300 and 700 mW/cm2 as well as sham. The order of dose administration will be randomized and t-PBM will be administered with the LightForce® EXPi Deep Tissue Laser TherapyTM System, Transcranial PhotoBioModulation-1000 (tPBM-2.0).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2020

open study

Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 3 (ADNI3) Protocol
University of Southern California Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Alzheimer's Disease (AD)
Since its launch in 2004, the overarching aim of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) has been realized in informing the design of therapeutic trials in AD. ADNI3 continues the previously funded ADNI-1, ADNI-GO, and ADNI-2 studies that have been combined... expand

Since its launch in 2004, the overarching aim of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) has been realized in informing the design of therapeutic trials in AD. ADNI3 continues the previously funded ADNI-1, ADNI-GO, and ADNI-2 studies that have been combined public/private collaborations between academia and industry to determine the relationships between the clinical, cognitive, imaging, genetic and biochemical biomarker characteristics of the entire spectrum of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The overall goal of the study is to continue to discover, optimize, standardize, and validate clinical trial measures and biomarkers used in AD research.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Comparative Effectiveness Research Trial for Antidepressant Incomplete and Non-responders With TRD
Massachusetts General Hospital Treatment Resistant Major Depressive Disorder
This is a multi-site, randomized, open-label, effectiveness trial comparing three treatment arms for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with TRD who are currently on ongoing, stable and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT). Adequate ADT is defined as a therapeutically... expand

This is a multi-site, randomized, open-label, effectiveness trial comparing three treatment arms for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with TRD who are currently on ongoing, stable and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT). Adequate ADT is defined as a therapeutically sufficient dose for a sufficient treatment period, which would be expected to be effective as listed in the MGH Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (ATRQ). Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:1 fashion to one of three open-label treatment arms: a) aripiprazole augmentation, b) rTMS augmentation, and c) switching to venlafaxine XR or Duloxetine.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Mechanisms and Biomarkers
Massachusetts General Hospital Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the pre-supplementary motor area as a treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder. Additionally, this study aims to identify the mechanisms of action of TMS and... expand

The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the pre-supplementary motor area as a treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder. Additionally, this study aims to identify the mechanisms of action of TMS and potential biomarkers and predictors of treatment response.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2015

open study

Cardiometabolic Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension
Massachusetts General Hospital Obesity
This study will investigate if metformin can help people with obesity and high pressures inside their lung blood vessels. Metformin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat diabetes, but metformin is not approved by the FDA to treat pulmonary hypertension.... expand

This study will investigate if metformin can help people with obesity and high pressures inside their lung blood vessels. Metformin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat diabetes, but metformin is not approved by the FDA to treat pulmonary hypertension. This study will examine whether Metformin will improve the high pressure inside lung blood vessels in people who are obese. The study will help understand the effect of metformin on pressures inside lung blood vessels.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

The RADIANCE II Pivotal Study: A Study of the ReCor Medical Paradise System in Stage II Hypertension
ReCor Medical, Inc. Hypertension Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases
The objective of the RADIANCE II Pivotal study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of the Paradise System in subjects with Stage 2 hypertension on 0-2 medications at the time of consent. Prior to randomization, subjects will be hypertensive in the absence of hypertension... expand

The objective of the RADIANCE II Pivotal study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of the Paradise System in subjects with Stage 2 hypertension on 0-2 medications at the time of consent. Prior to randomization, subjects will be hypertensive in the absence of hypertension medication.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2018

open study

Omalizumab as Monotherapy and as Adjunct Therapy to Multi-Allergen OIT in Food Allergic Participants
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Peanut Allergy Multi-food Allergy
This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in participants 1 to less than 56 years of age who are allergic to peanut and at least two other foods (including milk, egg, wheat, cashew, hazelnut, or walnut). While each participant may be... expand

This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in participants 1 to less than 56 years of age who are allergic to peanut and at least two other foods (including milk, egg, wheat, cashew, hazelnut, or walnut). While each participant may be allergic to more than two other foods, the primary endpoint/outcome in this study will only be assessed in peanut and two other foods for each participant. The primary objective of the study is to compare the ability to consume foods without dose-limiting symptoms during a double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), after treatment with either omalizumab or placebo for omalizumab.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Optimized tDCS for Fibromyalgia: Targeting the Endogenous Pain Control System
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital Fibromyalgia
This trial aims at understanding the mechanisms of optimized transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (16 tDCS sessions combined with exercise)] on pain control. Optimized tDCS can lead to stronger engagement of the endogenous pain regulatory system that will ultimately... expand

This trial aims at understanding the mechanisms of optimized transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (16 tDCS sessions combined with exercise)] on pain control. Optimized tDCS can lead to stronger engagement of the endogenous pain regulatory system that will ultimately lead to increased pain relief in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Therefore, the investigators designed a 2x2 factorial mechanistic trial [tDCS (active and sham) and aerobic exercise (AE) (active and control)] to evaluate the effects of 4 weeks of tDCS coupled with exercise on the endogenous pain regulatory system assessed by conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and central sensitization as assessed by temporal slow pain summation (TSPS), and compared to either intervention alone and to no intervention.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2019

open study

Effects of Eplerenone on Cardiovascular Disease in HIV (MIRACLE HIV Study)
Massachusetts General Hospital HIV
HIV-infected individuals treated with antiretroviral medications are living longer, but have an increased risk of heart disease when compared to non-HIV-infected individuals. A hormone called aldosterone, which regulates blood pressure and sodium balance, is elevated in the HIV... expand

HIV-infected individuals treated with antiretroviral medications are living longer, but have an increased risk of heart disease when compared to non-HIV-infected individuals. A hormone called aldosterone, which regulates blood pressure and sodium balance, is elevated in the HIV population in association with with increased belly fat and altered glucose metabolism. Elevations in aldosterone hormone may also be associated with abnormal blood flow, inflammation, and coronary plaque in the heart. This study is being conducted to evaluate whether therapies to reduce the actions of aldosterone may decrease the burden and progression of heart disease in the HIV population.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2017

open study

HIV Exposure In Utero and Metabolic Disease Risk in HIV-Negative Young Adults
Massachusetts General Hospital HIV-exposed Uninfected
Globally, over 1 million babies are born to mothers with HIV each year. With the advent of prenatal antiretroviral therapy, up to 98% of these individuals may be HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU). A growing literature suggests that in utero HIV exposure - even in the absence of... expand

Globally, over 1 million babies are born to mothers with HIV each year. With the advent of prenatal antiretroviral therapy, up to 98% of these individuals may be HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU). A growing literature suggests that in utero HIV exposure - even in the absence of subsequent infection - may be associated with adverse health outcomes in infancy and childhood. However, there is little information about the long-term health implications of in utero HIV exposure later in life, such as into adulthood. In this study, for the first time, we seek to prospectively evaluate metabolic and immune indices among HEU young adults as compared to well-matched HIV-unexposed uninfected controls. This study serves as a necessary first step toward optimizing clinical care for this expanding and aging HEU population, including the implementation of novel screening and prevention strategies.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2019

open study

A Prospective Comparative Study of Outcomes With Proton and Photon Radiation in Prostate Cancer
University of Florida Prostate Cancer
This study is a large, prospective, pragmatic, controlled comparison of patient-centric outcomes [quality of life (QOL), toxicity, and disease control] between parallel cohorts of men with prostate cancer treated simultaneously at proton therapy facilities and at geographically... expand

This study is a large, prospective, pragmatic, controlled comparison of patient-centric outcomes [quality of life (QOL), toxicity, and disease control] between parallel cohorts of men with prostate cancer treated simultaneously at proton therapy facilities and at geographically similar conventional (photon-based) radiation facilities using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2018

open study

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers
Theresa Winhusen, PhD Opioid-Related Disorders Drug Addiction Pregnancy Related Substance Abuse Drug Abuse
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the... expand

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the BUP-XR group will not have greater illicit opioid use than the BUP-SL group during pregnancy (non-inferiority).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Shift Work, Heredity, Insulin, and Food Timing Study
Massachusetts General Hospital Shift Work Type Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Shift Work Type Insulin Resistance
The purpose of this study is to determine whether night time eating that coincides with elevated endogenous melatonin impairs glucose tolerance, particularly in carriers of the MTNR1B risk allele. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine whether night time eating that coincides with elevated endogenous melatonin impairs glucose tolerance, particularly in carriers of the MTNR1B risk allele.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2017

open study

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Neuromodulation of Executive Function Across Neuropsychiatric...
Massachusetts General Hospital Traumatic Brain Injury Major Depressive Disorder Bipolar Disorder Schizophrenia Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
In the current study, the investigators aim to understand the role of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in improving executive function across neuropsychiatric populations known to have deficits in this cognitive domain. expand

In the current study, the investigators aim to understand the role of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in improving executive function across neuropsychiatric populations known to have deficits in this cognitive domain.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2014

open study

GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder and Antiplatelet Medical Management for Reduction of Recurrent Stroke...
W.L.Gore & Associates Stroke PFO - Patent Foramen Ovale
This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder in a post approval setting and evaluate the quality of operator education and training and transferability of trial experience to a post-market setting. expand

This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder in a post approval setting and evaluate the quality of operator education and training and transferability of trial experience to a post-market setting.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

A Study Comparing Adjuvant Alectinib Versus Adjuvant Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Patients With ALK...
Hoffmann-La Roche Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
This randomized, active-controlled, multicenter, open-label, Phase III study is designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of alectinib compared with platinum-based in the adjuvant setting. Participants in the experimental arm will receive alectinib at 600 mg orally twice... expand

This randomized, active-controlled, multicenter, open-label, Phase III study is designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of alectinib compared with platinum-based in the adjuvant setting. Participants in the experimental arm will receive alectinib at 600 mg orally twice daily (BID) taken with food for 24 months. Participants in the control arm will receive one of the protocol specified platinum based chemotherapy regimens for 4 cycles. Following treatment completion, participants will be followed up for their disease until disease recurrence. At the time of disease recurrence, participants will enter a survival follow-up until death, withdrawal of consent or study closure, whichever occurs earlier.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2018

open study

Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation Coronary Artery Disease
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is increasingly being performed in patients with advanced coronary artery disease, but there is limited information on the techniques utilized and the procedural outcomes. The goal of this multicenter,... expand

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is increasingly being performed in patients with advanced coronary artery disease, but there is limited information on the techniques utilized and the procedural outcomes. The goal of this multicenter, investigator initiated registry is to collect information on treatment strategies and outcomes of consecutive patients undergoing CTO PCI among various participating centers. The information collected will be used to determine the frequency of CTO PCI performed at the participating sites and examine the procedural strategies utilized, and the procedural (both immediate and during follow-up) outcomes.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Jan 2012

open study

Computer Aided Detection of Polyps in Colonoscopy
Iterative Scopes, Inc Colorectal Polyp
The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical benefit and safety of using a computer aided detection device, Skout, for real-time polyp detection in colonoscopy procedures with the indication of screening or surveillance. One of the reasons for the development of interval... expand

The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical benefit and safety of using a computer aided detection device, Skout, for real-time polyp detection in colonoscopy procedures with the indication of screening or surveillance. One of the reasons for the development of interval colorectal cancers is polyps missed during colonoscopy. Our hypothesis is that with the aid of Skout, the adenomas detected per colonoscopy will increase, and it is plausible to believe that this increase in detection could reduce the incidence of interval cancers.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2021

open study

Investigating the Utility of Demyelination Tracer [18F]3F4AP in Controls and Multiple Sclerosis Subjects
Massachusetts General Hospital Multiple Sclerosis
Our overall objective is to obtain an initial assessment of the potential value of using [18F]3F4AP for imaging demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis: - Aim 1) Assess the safety of [18F]3F4AP in healthy volunteers and subjects with multiple sclerosis... expand

Our overall objective is to obtain an initial assessment of the potential value of using [18F]3F4AP for imaging demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis: - Aim 1) Assess the safety of [18F]3F4AP in healthy volunteers and subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS). Hypothesis 1: Administration of [18F]3F4AP will result in no changes in vitals or other adverse events. - Aim 2) Assess the pharmacokinetics of a bolus infusion of [18F]3F4AP in humans including healthy volunteers and MS patients. Hypothesis 2: the pharmacokinetics of [18F]3F4AP at the whole brain level will be similar in controls and MS subjects. The kinetics in demyelinated lesions will be slower than in healthy control areas. - Aim 3) Assess the reproducibility of [18F]3F4AP in humans. Hypothesis 3: the test/retest variability of [18F]3F4AP within the same subject will be lower than 10%. - Aim 4) Correlate MR brain images with [18F]3F4AP PET brain images. Hypothesis 4A: all the lesions seen on the MRI will show increased signal (VT or SUV) on the PET images. Hypothesis 4B: some of the lesions on the MRI will show increased signal (VT or SUV) on the PET but not all. - Aim 5) Correlate [18F]3F4AP PET signal with neuropsychological testing in people with MS. Hypothesis 5: increased PET signal (VT or SUV) will correlate with impaired Single Digit Modality Test (SDMT) scores. - Aim 6) Correlate [18F]3F4AP PET signal with EDSS score in people with MS. Hypothesis 6: increased PET signal (VT or SUV) will correlate with higher EDSS scores.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

The Evaluation of PC14586 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors Harboring a p53 Y220C Mutation
PMV Pharmaceuticals, Inc Advanced Solid Tumor Advanced Malignant Neoplasm Metastatic Cancer Metastatic Solid Tumor
This study will assess the safety and tolerability of multiple dose levels of PC14586 in participants with advanced solid tumors containing a p53 Y220C mutation. expand

This study will assess the safety and tolerability of multiple dose levels of PC14586 in participants with advanced solid tumors containing a p53 Y220C mutation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

A Study of Cytisinicline for Smoking Cessation in Adult Smokers
Achieve Life Sciences Smoking Cessation
This placebo-controlled Phase 3 study is being conducted at sites within the United States to evaluate 3 mg cytisinicline TID for treatment duration of 42 days/6 weeks as well as repeating that duration for a total of 84 days/12 weeks treatment. expand

This placebo-controlled Phase 3 study is being conducted at sites within the United States to evaluate 3 mg cytisinicline TID for treatment duration of 42 days/6 weeks as well as repeating that duration for a total of 84 days/12 weeks treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

Transcranial Photobiomodulation Therapy for the Treatment of Autistic Traits in Children and Adolescents...
Massachusetts General Hospital Autism Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
An open label trial to assess the safety and efficacy of transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) in improving autistic traits in ADHD youth. expand

An open label trial to assess the safety and efficacy of transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) in improving autistic traits in ADHD youth.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2021

open study

Decompression Versus Decompression and Fusion
Massachusetts General Hospital Adjacent Segment Disease
Adjacent segment disease (ASD) in the lumbar spine is a well-known sequela of lumbar fusion surgery. The annual incidence of adjacent level re-operation is approximately 3% with a ten-year prevalence of 20-30%. Frequently, the surgical treatment involves decompression of the... expand

Adjacent segment disease (ASD) in the lumbar spine is a well-known sequela of lumbar fusion surgery. The annual incidence of adjacent level re-operation is approximately 3% with a ten-year prevalence of 20-30%. Frequently, the surgical treatment involves decompression of the adjacent level coupled with extension of the instrumentation and fusion. Advocates of this paradigm cite the altered kinematics and biomechanics of levels adjacent to a lumbar fusion mass. Furthermore, decompressed levels adjacent to a fused segments are associated with higher rates of ASD in retrospective studies. Yet, a retrospective review of higher quality data concluded decompression adjacent to single-level fusion provides similar outcomes compared to fusions extending across the decompressed segments. Given the conflicting data currently available, higher quality data are needed to guide surgical decision-making in ASD. The purpose of this trial is to prospectively compare decompression and decompression with fusion in patients with lumbar ASD.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2020

open study

Wellbeing, Stress Reduction and Social Cognition
Massachusetts General Hospital Cognitive Function 1, Social
There are many ways to improve wellbeing. This study will compare two 8-week wellbeing training programs. In addition to looking at how well the programs reduce stress and enhance wellbeing, the investigators will also ask questions about how these programs influence cognition... expand

There are many ways to improve wellbeing. This study will compare two 8-week wellbeing training programs. In addition to looking at how well the programs reduce stress and enhance wellbeing, the investigators will also ask questions about how these programs influence cognition and decision making.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2021

open study

Deciphering Preserved Autonomic Function After Spinal Cord Injury
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital Spinal Cord Injuries Autonomic Imbalance Autonomic Dysreflexia Orthostatic Hypotension
This study looks to characterize gradients of dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system after spinal cord injury. The autonomic nervous system plays key roles in regulation of blood pressure, skin blood flow, and bladder health- all issues that individuals with spinal cord... expand

This study looks to characterize gradients of dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system after spinal cord injury. The autonomic nervous system plays key roles in regulation of blood pressure, skin blood flow, and bladder health- all issues that individuals with spinal cord injury typically suffer. Focusing on blood pressure regulation, the most precise metric with broad clinical applicability, the investigators will perform a combination of laboratory, ambulatory, and imaging-based tests to probe the body's ability to generate autonomic responses. For both individuals with spinal cord injury and uninjured controls, laboratory-based experiments will utilize multiple parallel recordings to identify how the autonomic nervous system is able to inhibit and activate signals. The investigators anticipate that those with autonomic dysfunction after spinal cord injury will exhibit abnormalities in these precise metrics. The investigators will further have research participants wear a smart watch that tracks skin electrical conductance, heart rate, and skin temperature, which can all provide clues as to the degree of autonomic dysfunction someone may suffer at home. The investigators will look to see if any substantial connections exist between different degrees of preserved autonomic function and secondary autonomic complications from spinal cord injury. Finally, functional magnetic resonance imaging scans will be attained to characterize patterns of connectivity within the injured spinal cord. In a similar manner, the investigators will look to see if different patterns of spinal cord connectivity are more closely related to groupings of secondary autonomic complications. In accomplishing this, the investigators hope to give scientists important insights to how the autonomic nervous system works after spinal cord injury and give physicians better tools to manage these secondary autonomic complications.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2020

open study