The objective of this pivotal study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of SIRT using SIR-Spheres Y-90 resin microspheres as first-line treatment for local control of HCC in patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A, B1, B2, and C. SIR-Spheres consist of biocompatible resin microspheres containing yttrium-90 (Y-90), with a size between 20 and 60 microns in diameter. Y-90 is a high-energy pure beta-emitting isotope with no primary gamma emission. SIR-Spheres are indicated for the local tumor control of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A, B1 and B2, maximal single lesion size of 8 cm, no macrovascular invasion, well-compensated liver function and good performance status. It is also indicated for the treatment of unresectable metastatic liver tumors from primary colorectal cancer with adjuvant intra-hepatic artery chemotherapy (IHAC) of Floxuridine (FUDR).



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Willing, able, and mentally competent to provide written informed consent 2. Age 18 or older at the time of consent 3. All tumors must be measurable by CT or MRI according to localized mRECIST 4. Life expectancy ≥ 6 months (to allow for adequate completion of study procedures and collection of data) 5. Diagnosis of HCC with Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LIRADS) 4 or 5 or by histology 6. Treatment-naïve patients, including no prior locoregional therapies in the liver and no systemic therapy for HCC 7. BCLC stage A, B1, B2, and C with maximal single tumor size of ≤8 cm and sum of the maximal tumor dimensions of ≤12 cm with the entire tumor burden expected to be treatable within the perfused volume 8. At least one lesion ≥2 cm in diameter (long axis) measured according to mRECIST criteria by CT or MRI 9. Child-Pugh score of A5 or A6 at baseline 10. Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade = 1 or 2 at baseline 11. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of ≤1 at baseline 12. Adequate blood count, liver enzymes, and renal function at baseline - Platelet count >50,000/microliter (patients may not receive a platelet transfusion or growth factors to increase the platelet count so that the patient may be eligible for the study) - White Blood Cell (WBC) ≥ 3 x 10^9/L - Hemoglobin > 8.5 g/dL - Aspartate transaminase (AST) & Alanine transaminase (ALT) < 5 x upper limit normal - Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL - Albumin > 3.0 g/dL - Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL - International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2.0 - Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 50 13. Negative serum pregnancy test at baseline 14. Life expectancy of > 3 months without any active treatment

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patients eligible for ablation or resection for their malignancy, in the opinion of the investigator, at the time of screening 2. Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy (including immunotherapy and/or targeted therapy), radiotherapy or use of other investigational agents for the treatment of HCC 3. Intrahepatic arteriovenous shunting (arteriovenous shunting resulting from a biopsy is allowed but must be embolized during the pre-treatment mapping procedure) 4. Incompetent biliary duct system, prior biliary intervention or a compromised Ampulla of Vater 5. Planned localized cancer treatment to the liver, other than the study treatment, throughout the duration of the study. 6. Planned systemic cancer treatment throughout the duration of the study 7. Patients with portal vein thrombosis 8. Patients with extrahepatic disease 9. Patients with contraindications to angiography and selective visceral catheterization 10. Evidence of extrahepatic collateral supply to the tumor 11. Evidence of potential delivery of mean radiation dose > 30 Gy to the lungs (single treatment) 12. Evidence of any detectable 99m Tc-macroaggregated albumin (99m Tc-MAA) flow outside of the liver in the abdomen, after application of established angiographic techniques to stop or mitigate such flow (e.g., placing catheter distal to gastric vessels or coiling) 13. Evidence that < 33% of the total liver volume is disease-free and will be spared SIR-Spheres treatment 14. Prior liver resection and/or liver transplant 15. Female patients who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or premenopausal and unwilling to use an effective method of contraception through the 1-year follow-up; males unwilling to use effective method of contraception for 30 days post-procedure 16. Medical history of clotting disorders 17. Underlying pulmonary disease requiring chronic oxygen therapy 18. Evidence of portal hypertension with ascites as seen on cross-sectional imaging or any history of prior variceal bleeding within 6 months prior to screening 19. Concurrently enrolled in another study unless it is an observational, noninterventional study 20. Active infection (hepatitis B (HBV) infection with ongoing HBV treatment and successfully treated hepatitis C infection are allowed) 21. History of other cancer with current active treatment 22. Patients with drug or alcohol dependency (within 6 months prior to study entry) in the opinion of the investigator 23. History of severe allergy or intolerance to contrast agents, narcotics, or sedatives 24. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with safe delivery of the study treatment or with the interpretation of study results

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description
A pivotal, prospective, multicenter, open-label single arm study
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Open-label Single Arm
Open-label single arm study evaluating treatment with hepatic arterial injection of SIR-Spheres.
  • Device: Resin microspheres containing yttrium-90 (Y-90)
    Biocompatible resin microspheres are an injectable permanent implant and preferentially placed into the distal microvascular supply of tumors to provide direct irradiation of tissue and destruction of the microvascular bed. Spheres contain yttrium-90 (Y-90) and are a size between 20 and 60 microns in diameter.

Recruiting Locations

Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts 02114
Joanna Johnston, RN

More Details

Sirtex Medical

Study Contact

Steve J Chartier

Detailed Description

The investigation is a pivotal, prospective, multicenter, open-label single arm study evaluating treatment with hepatic arterial injection of SIR-Spheres. Up to 100 subjects will be treated (up to 150 consented) at 10-15 clinical sites in the United States. No single site will enroll more than 20% of the total study enrollment. The population for this study includes patients diagnosed with HCC BCLC stage A, B1, B2, and C with maximal single lesion size of ≤ 8cm and who are not considered suitable for treatment by resection or eligible for ablation at time of study entry.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.