Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab in combination with concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by either pembrolizumab with olaparib placebo (Arm 1) or with olaparib (Arm 2) compared to concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by durvalumab (Arm 3) in participants with unresectable, locally advanced NSCLC. Arms 1 and 2 will be studied in a double-blind design and Arm 3 will be open-label. The primary hypotheses are: 1. Pembrolizumab with concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by pembrolizumab with olaparib is superior to concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by durvalumab with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) 2. pembrolizumab with concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by pembrolizumab is superior to concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by durvalumab with respect to PFS and OS

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Has pathologically (histologically or cytologically) confirmed diagnosis of NSCLC - Has Stage IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC NSCLC by American Joint Committee on Cancer Version 8 - Is unable to undergo surgery with curative intent for Stage III NSCLC - Has no evidence of metastatic disease indicating Stage IV NSCLC - Has measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 - Has not received prior treatment (chemotherapy, targeted therapy or radiotherapy) for Stage III NSCLC; participants who have received neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant therapy for early stage disease are not eligible - Has provided a tumor tissue sample (tissue biopsy [core, incisional, or excisional]) - Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1 assessed within 7 days prior to the first administration of study intervention - Has a life expectancy of at least 6 months - A male participant must agree to use contraception and refrain from donating sperm during the treatment period and for at least 180 days following the last dose of study treatment - A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and agrees to use contraception and refrain from donating eggs (ova, oocytes) to others or freeze/store for her own use for the purpose of reproduction during the treatment period and for at least 180 days following the last dose of study treatment - A female participant of child-bearing potential must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 72 hours before the first dose of study treatment - Has adequate pulmonary function tests - Has adequate organ function - Has provided written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Has small cell lung cancer or a mixed tumor with presence of small cell elements - Has myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or has features suggestive of MDS/AML - Has had documented weight loss >10% (from baseline) in the preceding 3 months - Has received prior radiotherapy to the thorax, including radiotherapy to the esophagus, mediastinum, or for breast cancer - Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death 1 (ant-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti- programmed cell death ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor - Has received prior therapy with olaparib or with any other polyadenosine 5'diphosphoribose (polyADP ribose) polymerization (PARP) inhibitor - Has had major surgery <4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (except for placement of vascular access) - Is expected to require any other form of antineoplastic therapy, while on study - Has received a live or live attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study intervention; administration of killed vaccines is allowed - Has received colony-stimulating factors (e.g., granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [GCSF], granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF] or recombinant erythropoietin) within 28 days prior to the first dose of study treatment - Is currently receiving either strong (phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort) or moderate (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil) inducers of CYP3A4 that cannot be discontinued for the duration of the study - Is currently receiving either strong (eg, itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate (eg. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil) inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 that cannot be discontinued for the duration of the study - Is unable to interrupt aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), other than an aspirin dose ≤1.3 grams per day, for at least 2 days before, during, and for at least 2 days after administration of pemetrexed - Is unable/unwilling to take folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone during administration of pemetrexed - Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment - The presence of uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator or has congenital long QT syndrome - Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study intervention - Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ (eg, breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy - Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to study intervention and/or any of its excipients - Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years - Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease - Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy - Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection - Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection - Has active tuberculosis (TB; Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and is receiving treatment - Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator - Is considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder or nonmalignant systemic disease in the opinion of the treating investigator - Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study - Is unable to swallow orally administered medication or has a gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption - Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment - Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
pembrolizumab+chemoradiation→pembrolizumab+olaparib placebo
Participants will receive pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks (Q3W) in combination with 3 cycles of the investigator's choice of platinum doublet chemotherapy and concurrent standard thoracic radiotherapy (60 Gray (Gy) over 6 weeks) followed by pembrolizumab plus olaparib placebo twice a day (BID) for approximately 1 year.
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    intravenous (IV) infusion
    Other names:
    • KEYTRUDA®
    • MK-3475
  • Drug: Placebo for olaparib
    oral tablets
  • Drug: Etoposide
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • VEPESID®
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PARAPLATIN®
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PLATINOL®
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • TAXOL®
  • Drug: Pemetrexed
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • ALIMTA®
  • Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
    external beam radiation
Experimental
pembrolizumab+chemoradiation→pembrolizumab+olaparib
Participants will receive pembrolizumab 200 mg IV Q3W in combination with 3 cycles of the investigator's choice of platinum doublet chemotherapy and concurrent standard thoracic radiotherapy (60 Gy over 6 weeks) followed by pembrolizumab plus olaparib 300 mg BID for approximately 1 year.
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    intravenous (IV) infusion
    Other names:
    • KEYTRUDA®
    • MK-3475
  • Drug: Olaparib
    oral tablets
    Other names:
    • LYNPARZA®
    • MK-7339
    • AZD2281
    • KU-0059436
  • Drug: Placebo for olaparib
    oral tablets
  • Drug: Etoposide
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • VEPESID®
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PARAPLATIN®
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PLATINOL®
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • TAXOL®
  • Drug: Pemetrexed
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • ALIMTA®
  • Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
    external beam radiation
Active Comparator
chemoradiation→durvalumab
Participants will receive 3 cycles of the investigator's choice of platinum doublet chemotherapy with concurrent standard thoracic radiotherapy (60 Gy over 6 weeks) followed by durvalumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks (Q2W) for approximately 1 year.
  • Drug: Etoposide
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • VEPESID®
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PARAPLATIN®
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • PLATINOL®
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • TAXOL®
  • Drug: Pemetrexed
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • ALIMTA®
  • Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
    external beam radiation
  • Drug: Durvalumab
    IV infusion
    Other names:
    • IMFINZI®

Recruiting Locations

Massachusetts General Hospital ( Site 0038)
Boston, Massachusetts 02114
Contact:
Study Coordinator
617-724-1223

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Study Contact

Toll Free Number
1-888-577-8839
Trialsites@merck.com

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.