Purpose

A pragmatic randomized clinical trial of patients with locally advanced breast cancer randomized to either proton or photon therapy and followed longitudinally for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, health-related quality of life, and cancer control outcomes. Quality of life is the outcome measure for the estimated primary completion date of November, 2020, www.radcomp.org.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 21 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Females or males diagnosed with pathologically (histologically) proven invasive mammary carcinoma (ductal, lobular or other) of the breast who have undergone either mastectomy or lumpectomy with any type of axillary surgery or axillary sampling.
  • For patients who have undergone lumpectomy, any type of mastectomy and any type of reconstruction (including no reconstruction) are allowed.
  • For patients who have undergone lumpectomy, there are no breast size limitations.
  • Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer are eligible. This includes American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition left- or right-sided breast cancer clinical or pathologic stage I, II, III or loco-regionally recurrent at time of diagnosis. For patients that receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy, AJCC 7th edition left- or right-sided breast cancer pathologic stage yp 0, I, II, III are eligible.
  • Bilateral breast cancer is permitted. Patients with bilateral breast cancer will be stratified as left-sided.
  • Must be proceeding with breast/chest wall and nodal radiation therapy including internal mammary node treatment.
  • Must have a pertinent history/physical examination within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Age ≥ 21 years
  • ECOG Performance Status 0 - 2 (asymptomatic to symptomatic but capable of self-care) within 90 days prior to randomization.
  • Confirmation that the patient's health insurance will pay for the treatment in this study (patients may still be responsible for some costs, such as co-pays and deductibles). If the patient's insurance will not cover a specific treatment in this study and the patient still wants to participate, confirmation that the patient would be responsible for paying for any treatment received.
  • Patients who are HIV positive are eligible, provided they are under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and have a CD4 count ≥ 200 cells/microliter within 180 days prior to registration as documented in the medical record. HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol.
  • The patient must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease, as documented by the treating institution.
  • Prior radiotherapy to the ipsilateral chest wall or ipsilateral breast or thorax. Individuals with prior radiotherapy in the contralateral breast or chest wall are eligible.
  • Any radiation therapy for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to randomization.
  • Dermatomyositis with a CPK level above normal or with an active skin rash or scleroderma.
  • Other non-malignant systemic disease that would preclude the patient from receiving study treatment or would prevent required follow-up.

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Active Comparator
Photon
Photon therapy: once a day, 5 days a week, for 5 to 7 weeks
  • Radiation: Photon
    Photon Therapy:once a day, 5 days a week, for 5 to 7 weeks
Active Comparator
Proton
Proton therapy: once a day, 5 days a week, for 5 to 7 weeks
  • Radiation: Proton
    Proton Therapy: once a day, 5 days a week, for 5 to 7 weeks

Recruiting Locations

Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts 02114
Contact:
Shannon MacDonald, MD
617-643-7250
SMACDONALD@mgh.harvard.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02603341
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
University of Pennsylvania

Study Contact

Justin Bekelman, MD
215-662-7266
bekelman@uphs.upenn.edu

Detailed Description

Because no one knows which radiation treatment is best, if you decide to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups, and then you will begin radiation treatment according to usual medical practice. Randomly assigning you to a group helps makes sure that each group has a similar mix of patients and makes the study better - and is only done when doctors are not sure whether one treatment is better than the other. You have an equal chance of getting into either treatment group, like a coin flip. Both you and your doctor will be told which treatment you will get.

No matter which group patients are in, doctors will work very carefully to reduce the radiation to healthy tissues. Both groups will followed for at least 10 years after completing radiation therapy. The results of this study will help decide which radiation is best for future patients with your type of breast cancer.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.