A Study of Paliperidone Palmitate 6-Month Formulation

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that injection cycles consisting of a single administration of paliperidone palmitate 6-month (PP6M) are not less effective than 2 sequentially administered injections of paliperidone palmitate 3-month PP3M) (350 or 525 mg eq.) for the prevention of relapse in participants with schizophrenia previously stabilized on corresponding doses of paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) (100 or 150 mg eq.) or PP3M (350 or 525 mg eq.).

Condition

  • Schizophrenia

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 70 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Must meet the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5) for at least 6 months before screening
  • Must be receiving treatment with paliperidone palmitate (as either the paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) or paliperidone palmitate 3-month (PP3M) formulation), or injectable risperidone, or any oral antipsychotic
  • Must be able, in the opinion of the investigator, to discontinue any antipsychotic medication other than PP1M) or PP3M during the Screening Phase
  • Must have a full Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score of less than (<) 70 points at screening
  • Must have a body mass index (BMI) between 17 and 40 kilogram (kg)/meter (m)^2 (inclusive) and must have a body weight of at least 47 kg at screening
  • Must be willing to receive gluteal injections of medication during the Double-blind Phase

Exclusion Criteria

  • Must not be receiving any form of involuntary treatment, such as involuntary psychiatric hospitalization, parole-mandated treatment, or court-mandated treatment
  • Must not have attempted suicide within 12 months before screening and must not be at imminent risk of suicide or violent behavior, as clinically assessed by the investigator at the time of screening
  • Must not have a DSM-5 diagnosis of moderate or severe substance use disorder (except for nicotine and caffeine) within 6 months of screening; however, acute or intermittent substance use prior to screening is not exclusionary, depending upon the clinical judgment of the investigator
  • Must not have a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome or tardive dyskinesia
  • Must not have a history of intolerability or severe reactions to moderate or higher doses of antipsychotic medications and must not have any other factors that would, in the judgment of the investigator, indicate that treatment with moderate or higher doses of paliperidone palmitate would be intolerable or unsafe

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Double (Participant, Investigator)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
PP1M: Transition Phase
Participants who previously have not achieved stability with moderate to higher doses of Paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) or Paliperidone palmitate 3-month (PP3M) will enter into a transition period of up to 4 months. During transition period participants will receive 1 to 5 injections of PP1M 50 to 100 milligrams equivalent (mg eq.). The participants who achieved stability (stability is defined as at least 3 months of injections with the last 2 doses being the same strength) with PP1M 100 mg eq. will precede from transition phase to maintenance phase.
  • Drug: PP1M
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP1M 50 to 150 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670
Experimental
PP1M/PP3M: Maintenance Phase
All the participants will receive only 1 dose of PP1M 100 or 150 mg eq. or PP3M 350 or 525 mg eq. The participants will precede from maintenance phase to double-blind phase.
  • Drug: PP3M 350 mg eq.
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP3M 350 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670
  • Drug: PP3M 525 mg eq.
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP3M 525 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670
  • Drug: PP1M
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP1M 50 to 150 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670
Experimental
PP6M or Placebo: Double-Blind Phase
Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP6M in left gluteal muscle on Day 1 and right gluteal muscle on Day 183 with alternating placebo in right gluteal muscle on Day 92 and left gluteal muscle on Day 274.
  • Drug: PP6M
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP6M.
    Other names:
    • R092670
  • Other: Placebo
    Participants will receive matching placebo.
Experimental
PP3M: Double-Blind Phase
Participants will receive intramuscular injections of PP3M at dose of 350 mg eq. or 525 mg eq. in left gluteal muscle on Day 1 and 274 and right gluteal muscle on Day 92 and 183.
  • Drug: PP3M 350 mg eq.
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP3M 350 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670
  • Drug: PP3M 525 mg eq.
    Participants will receive intramuscular injection of PP3M 525 mg eq.
    Other names:
    • R092670

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03345342
Status
Active, not recruiting
Sponsor
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Study Contact

Detailed Description

The primary hypothesis of this study is that the efficacy of PP6M is non-inferior to PP3M for preventing relapse in participants with schizophrenia who were previously stabilized on corresponding doses of PP1M or PP3M. The study consists of mainly 3 phases: a screening phase (up to 28 days), a maintenance phase (of 1 or 3 months), and a double-blind phase (of 12 months [neither the researchers nor the participants know what treatment the participant is receiving]). Additional/conditional phases include a transition phase (before maintenance phase). Study evaluations include efficacy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety. The study duration will vary from approximately 13 months to 19 months.